Classical Guitar

guitarThe strings of the guitar are plucked or strummed, and the finger-board has metal strips called frets set into it at intervals. The player presses the strings down on the finger-board behind the required frets so that only a part of each string vibrates. The six strings of the guitar are tuned to E, A, D, G, B, and E. The strings of the highest pitch are made of gut or nylon, while the others are made of fine silk or nylon covered with thin coiled silver wire.

 

 

Violin

The violin is one of a family of stringed instruments all of which are played with a bow.  The violinviolin has four strings of catgut and wire which are stretched along the hollow, wooden body of the instrument.   The strings are tuned to G, D, A, & E.  The violinist plays other notes by pressing the strings to the finger-board at certain places so that only parts of the strings vibrate.

 

The bow is a long piece of stringy wood strung with horsehair which is rubbed with a sticky resin.  The violinist vibrates a specific string by drawing the bow across it while at the same time “stopping” the remaining strings with his other hand.  Sometimes the strings are plucked with the fingers to play “pizzicato”.

viola
Viola

The viola is like a large violin.  Its strings are tuned a fifth lower than the violin to C, G, D, and A.  It has a deeper tone.

 

 

 

Cello

The cello (originally ‘violoncello’) looks like a very large violin indeed.  It has a spike at the Cellobase of the instrument which rests on the floor, while the cellist sits down and balances the instrument between his knees.  The longer strings and larger body of the cello mean a lower pitch is produced.  Its four strings are tuned to C, G, D, and A.